解决JTable排序问题的方法详解

本篇文章是对JTable排序问题的方法进行了详细的分析介绍,需要的朋友参考下

JTable的排序是一个让人头疼的问题,Sun没有为排序这个最常用的功能提供类。
但是近日翻看Sun官方java的tutorial,却发现其在文档中提供了这个类的实现,使用非常简单!
使用方法示例:

TableSorter sorter = new TableSorter(new MyTableModel()); //ADDED THIS
//JTable table = new JTable(new MyTableModel()); //OLD
JTable table = new JTable(sorter); //NEW
sorter.setTableHeader(table.getTableHeader()); //ADDED THIS

我把TableSorter类贴出来,自己编译就可以使用了

复制代码 代码如下:

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.util.List;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.event.TableModelEvent;
import javax.swing.event.TableModelListener;
import javax.swing.table.*;
/**
 * TableSorter is a decorator for TableModels; adding sorting
 * functionality to a supplied TableModel. TableSorter does
 * not store or copy the data in its TableModel; instead it maintains
 * a map from the row indexes of the view to the row indexes of the
 * model. As requests are made of the sorter (like getValueAt(row, col))
 * they are passed to the underlying model after the row numbers
 * have been translated via the internal mapping array. This way,
 * the TableSorter appears to hold another copy of the table
 * with the rows in a different order.
 * <p/>
 * TableSorter registers itself as a listener to the underlying model,
 * just as the JTable itself would. Events recieved from the model
 * are examined, sometimes manipulated (typically widened), and then
 * passed on to the TableSorter's listeners (typically the JTable).
 * If a change to the model has invalidated the order of TableSorter's
 * rows, a note of this is made and the sorter will resort the
 * rows the next time a value is requested.
 * <p/>
 * When the tableHeader property is set, either by using the
 * setTableHeader() method or the two argument constructor, the
 * table header may be used as a complete UI for TableSorter.
 * The default renderer of the tableHeader is decorated with a renderer
 * that indicates the sorting status of each column. In addition,
 * a mouse listener is installed with the following behavior:
 * <ul>
 * <li>
 * Mouse-click: Clears the sorting status of all other columns
 * and advances the sorting status of that column through three
 * values: {NOT_SORTED, ASCENDING, DESCENDING} (then back to
 * NOT_SORTED again).
 * <li>
 * SHIFT-mouse-click: Clears the sorting status of all other columns
 * and cycles the sorting status of the column through the same
 * three values, in the opposite order: {NOT_SORTED, DESCENDING, ASCENDING}.
 * <li>
 * CONTROL-mouse-click and CONTROL-SHIFT-mouse-click: as above except
 * that the changes to the column do not cancel the statuses of columns
 * that are already sorting - giving a way to initiate a compound
 * sort.
 * </ul>
 * <p/>
 * This is a long overdue rewrite of a class of the same name that
 * first appeared in the swing table demos in 1997.
 *
 * @author Philip Milne
 * @author Brendon McLean
 * @author Dan van Enckevort
 * @author Parwinder Sekhon
 * @version 2.0 02/27/04
 */
public class TableSorter extends AbstractTableModel {
    protected TableModel tableModel;
    public static final int DESCENDING = -1;
    public static final int NOT_SORTED = 0;
    public static final int ASCENDING = 1;
    private static Directive EMPTY_DIRECTIVE = new Directive(-1, NOT_SORTED);
    public static final Comparator COMPARABLE_COMAPRATOR = new Comparator() {
        public int compare(Object o1, Object o2) {
            return ((Comparable) o1).compareTo(o2);
        }
    };
    public static final Comparator LEXICAL_COMPARATOR = new Comparator() {
        public int compare(Object o1, Object o2) {
            return o1.toString().compareTo(o2.toString());
        }
    };
    private Row[] viewToModel;
    private int[] modelToView;
    private JTableHeader tableHeader;
    private MouseListener mouseListener;
    private TableModelListener tableModelListener;
    private Map columnComparators = new HashMap();
    private List sortingColumns = new ArrayList();
    public TableSorter() {
        this.mouseListener = new MouseHandler();
        this.tableModelListener = new TableModelHandler();
    }
    public TableSorter(TableModel tableModel) {
        this();
        setTableModel(tableModel);
    }
    public TableSorter(TableModel tableModel, JTableHeader tableHeader) {
        this();
        setTableHeader(tableHeader);
        setTableModel(tableModel);
    }
    private void clearSortingState() {
        viewToModel = null;
        modelToView = null;
    }
    public TableModel getTableModel() {
        return tableModel;
    }
    public void setTableModel(TableModel tableModel) {
        if (this.tableModel != null) {
            this.tableModel.removeTableModelListener(tableModelListener);
        }
        this.tableModel = tableModel;
        if (this.tableModel != null) {
            this.tableModel.addTableModelListener(tableModelListener);
        }
        clearSortingState();
        fireTableStructureChanged();
    }
    public JTableHeader getTableHeader() {
        return tableHeader;
    }
    public void setTableHeader(JTableHeader tableHeader) {
        if (this.tableHeader != null) {
            this.tableHeader.removeMouseListener(mouseListener);
            TableCellRenderer defaultRenderer = this.tableHeader.getDefaultRenderer();
            if (defaultRenderer instanceof SortableHeaderRenderer) {
                this.tableHeader.setDefaultRenderer(((SortableHeaderRenderer) defaultRenderer).tableCellRenderer);
            }
        }
        this.tableHeader = tableHeader;
        if (this.tableHeader != null) {
            this.tableHeader.addMouseListener(mouseListener);
            this.tableHeader.setDefaultRenderer(
                    new SortableHeaderRenderer(this.tableHeader.getDefaultRenderer()));
        }
    }
    public boolean isSorting() {
        return sortingColumns.size() != 0;
    }
    private Directive getDirective(int column) {
        for (int i = 0; i < sortingColumns.size(); i++) {
            Directive directive = (Directive)sortingColumns.get(i);
            if (directive.column == column) {
                return directive;
            }
        }
        return EMPTY_DIRECTIVE;
    }
    public int getSortingStatus(int column) {
        return getDirective(column).direction;
    }
    private void sortingStatusChanged() {
        clearSortingState();
        fireTableDataChanged();
        if (tableHeader != null) {
            tableHeader.repaint();
        }
    }
    public void setSortingStatus(int column, int status) {
        Directive directive = getDirective(column);
        if (directive != EMPTY_DIRECTIVE) {
            sortingColumns.remove(directive);
        }
        if (status != NOT_SORTED) {
            sortingColumns.add(new Directive(column, status));
        }
        sortingStatusChanged();
    }
    protected Icon getHeaderRendererIcon(int column, int size) {
        Directive directive = getDirective(column);
        if (directive == EMPTY_DIRECTIVE) {
            return null;
        }
        return new Arrow(directive.direction == DESCENDING, size, sortingColumns.indexOf(directive));
    }
    private void cancelSorting() {
        sortingColumns.clear();
        sortingStatusChanged();
    }
    public void setColumnComparator(Class type, Comparator comparator) {
        if (comparator == null) {
            columnComparators.remove(type);
        } else {
            columnComparators.put(type, comparator);
        }
    }
    protected Comparator getComparator(int column) {
        Class columnType = tableModel.getColumnClass(column);
        Comparator comparator = (Comparator) columnComparators.get(columnType);
        if (comparator != null) {
            return comparator;
        }
        if (Comparable.class.isAssignableFrom(columnType)) {
            return COMPARABLE_COMAPRATOR;
        }
        return LEXICAL_COMPARATOR;
    }
    private Row[] getViewToModel() {
        if (viewToModel == null) {
            int tableModelRowCount = tableModel.getRowCount();
            viewToModel = new Row[tableModelRowCount];
            for (int row = 0; row < tableModelRowCount; row++) {
                viewToModel[row] = new Row(row);
            }
            if (isSorting()) {
                Arrays.sort(viewToModel);
            }
        }
        return viewToModel;
    }
    public int modelIndex(int viewIndex) {
        return getViewToModel()[viewIndex].modelIndex;
    }
    private int[] getModelToView() {
        if (modelToView == null) {
            int n = getViewToModel().length;
            modelToView = new int[n];
            for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
                modelToView[modelIndex(i)] = i;
            }
        }
        return modelToView;
    }
    // TableModel interface methods
    public int getRowCount() {
        return (tableModel == null) ? 0 : tableModel.getRowCount();
    }
    public int getColumnCount() {
        return (tableModel == null) ? 0 : tableModel.getColumnCount();
    }
    public String getColumnName(int column) {
        return tableModel.getColumnName(column);
    }
    public Class getColumnClass(int column) {
        return tableModel.getColumnClass(column);
    }
    public boolean isCellEditable(int row, int column) {
        return tableModel.isCellEditable(modelIndex(row), column);
    }
    public Object getValueAt(int row, int column) {
        return tableModel.getValueAt(modelIndex(row), column);
    }
    public void setValueAt(Object aValue, int row, int column) {
        tableModel.setValueAt(aValue, modelIndex(row), column);
    }
    // Helper classes

    private class Row implements Comparable {
        private int modelIndex;
        public Row(int index) {
            this.modelIndex = index;
        }
        public int compareTo(Object o) {
            int row1 = modelIndex;
            int row2 = ((Row) o).modelIndex;
            for (Iterator it = sortingColumns.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                Directive directive = (Directive) it.next();
                int column = directive.column;
                Object o1 = tableModel.getValueAt(row1, column);
                Object o2 = tableModel.getValueAt(row2, column);
                int comparison = 0;
                // Define null less than everything, except null.
                if (o1 == null && o2 == null) {
                    comparison = 0;
                } else if (o1 == null) {
                    comparison = -1;
                } else if (o2 == null) {
                    comparison = 1;
                } else {
                    comparison = getComparator(column).compare(o1, o2);
                }
                if (comparison != 0) {
                    return directive.direction == DESCENDING ? -comparison : comparison;
                }
            }
            return 0;
        }
    }
    private class TableModelHandler implements TableModelListener {
        public void tableChanged(TableModelEvent e) {
            // If we're not sorting by anything, just pass the event along.
            if (!isSorting()) {
                clearSortingState();
                fireTableChanged(e);
                return;
            }

            // If the table structure has changed, cancel the sorting; the
            // sorting columns may have been either moved or deleted from
            // the model.
            if (e.getFirstRow() == TableModelEvent.HEADER_ROW) {
                cancelSorting();
                fireTableChanged(e);
                return;
            }
            // We can map a cell event through to the view without widening
            // when the following conditions apply:
            //
            // a) all the changes are on one row (e.getFirstRow() == e.getLastRow()) and,
            // b) all the changes are in one column (column != TableModelEvent.ALL_COLUMNS) and,
            // c) we are not sorting on that column (getSortingStatus(column) == NOT_SORTED) and,
            // d) a reverse lookup will not trigger a sort (modelToView != null)
            //
            // Note: INSERT and DELETE events fail this test as they have column == ALL_COLUMNS.
            //
            // The last check, for (modelToView != null) is to see if modelToView
            // is already allocated. If we don't do this check; sorting can become
            // a performance bottleneck for applications where cells
            // change rapidly in different parts of the table. If cells
            // change alternately in the sorting column and then outside of
            // it this class can end up re-sorting on alternate cell updates -
            // which can be a performance problem for large tables. The last
            // clause avoids this problem.
            int column = e.getColumn();
            if (e.getFirstRow() == e.getLastRow()
                    && column != TableModelEvent.ALL_COLUMNS
                    && getSortingStatus(column) == NOT_SORTED
                    && modelToView != null) {
                int viewIndex = getModelToView()[e.getFirstRow()];
                fireTableChanged(new TableModelEvent(TableSorter.this,
                                                     viewIndex, viewIndex,
                                                     column, e.getType()));
                return;
            }
            // Something has happened to the data that may have invalidated the row order.
            clearSortingState();
            fireTableDataChanged();
            return;
        }
    }
    private class MouseHandler extends MouseAdapter {
        public void mouseClicked(MouseEvent e) {
            JTableHeader h = (JTableHeader) e.getSource();
            TableColumnModel columnModel = h.getColumnModel();
            int viewColumn = columnModel.getColumnIndexAtX(e.getX());
            int column = columnModel.getColumn(viewColumn).getModelIndex();
            if (column != -1) {
                int status = getSortingStatus(column);
                if (!e.isControlDown()) {
                    cancelSorting();
                }
                // Cycle the sorting states through {NOT_SORTED, ASCENDING, DESCENDING} or
                // {NOT_SORTED, DESCENDING, ASCENDING} depending on whether shift is pressed.
                status = status + (e.isShiftDown() ? -1 : 1);
                status = (status + 4) % 3 - 1; // signed mod, returning {-1, 0, 1}
                setSortingStatus(column, status);
            }
        }
    }
    private static class Arrow implements Icon {
        private boolean descending;
        private int size;
        private int priority;
        public Arrow(boolean descending, int size, int priority) {
            this.descending = descending;
            this.size = size;
            this.priority = priority;
        }
        public void paintIcon(Component c, Graphics g, int x, int y) {
            Color color = c == null ? Color.GRAY : c.getBackground();
            // In a compound sort, make each succesive triangle 20%
            // smaller than the previous one.
            int dx = (int)(size/2*Math.pow(0.8, priority));
            int dy = descending ? dx : -dx;
            // Align icon (roughly) with font baseline.
            y = y + 5*size/6 + (descending ? -dy : 0);
            int shift = descending ? 1 : -1;
            g.translate(x, y);
            // Right diagonal.
            g.setColor(color.darker());
            g.drawLine(dx / 2, dy, 0, 0);
            g.drawLine(dx / 2, dy + shift, 0, shift);

            // Left diagonal.
            g.setColor(color.brighter());
            g.drawLine(dx / 2, dy, dx, 0);
            g.drawLine(dx / 2, dy + shift, dx, shift);

            // Horizontal line.
            if (descending) {
                g.setColor(color.darker().darker());
            } else {
                g.setColor(color.brighter().brighter());
            }
            g.drawLine(dx, 0, 0, 0);
            g.setColor(color);
            g.translate(-x, -y);
        }
        public int getIconWidth() {
            return size;
        }
        public int getIconHeight() {
            return size;
        }
    }
    private class SortableHeaderRenderer implements TableCellRenderer {
        private TableCellRenderer tableCellRenderer;
        public SortableHeaderRenderer(TableCellRenderer tableCellRenderer) {
            this.tableCellRenderer = tableCellRenderer;
        }
        public Component getTableCellRendererComponent(JTable table,
                                                       Object value,
                                                       boolean isSelected,
                                                       boolean hasFocus,
                                                       int row,
                                                       int column) {
            Component c = tableCellRenderer.getTableCellRendererComponent(table,
                    value, isSelected, hasFocus, row, column);
            if (c instanceof JLabel) {
                JLabel l = (JLabel) c;
                l.setHorizontalTextPosition(JLabel.LEFT);
                int modelColumn = table.convertColumnIndexToModel(column);
                l.setIcon(getHeaderRendererIcon(modelColumn, l.getFont().getSize()));
            }
            return c;
        }
    }
    private static class Directive {
        private int column;
        private int direction;
        public Directive(int column, int direction) {
            this.column = column;
            this.direction = direction;
        }
    }
}
分类:Java 时间:2014-06-04 人气:25
本文关键词: jtable 排序
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